What Countries Have Pulled Out of the Paris Agreement

As the world grapples with the impacts of climate change, the Paris Agreement stands as a beacon of hope for global cooperation in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. However, not all countries have followed through on their commitments to the treaty. Here’s a look at some of the countries that have pulled out of the Paris Agreement.

United States

In June 2017, President Donald Trump announced that the US would be withdrawing from the Paris Agreement, citing concerns over economic competitiveness and the burden placed on American taxpayers. The withdrawal became official on November 4, 2020. The decision was met with widespread criticism from both domestic and international leaders, with many experts warning of the devastating impacts of the US’ absence on global efforts to combat climate change.


Syria, a country ravaged by civil war, joined the Paris Agreement in November 2017, becoming one of the last countries to do so. However, it only took a year for the country to announce its intention to withdraw, citing concerns over the treaty’s impact on its economy and the need to focus on rebuilding after years of conflict.


Nicaragua, one of the poorest countries in Latin America, initially refused to join the Paris Agreement, arguing that the treaty did not go far enough in addressing the threat of climate change. However, in October 2017, the country announced that it would join the agreement after all. It is unclear why Nicaragua has not yet ratified the treaty, but its absence is notable given the country’s vulnerability to climate impacts such as hurricanes and drought.


Russia, one of the world’s largest emitters of greenhouse gases, was a signatory to the Paris Agreement but never ratified it. In 2019, it officially withdrew from the treaty, citing concerns over the burden placed on its economy and the need to prioritize domestic development.

While the withdrawal of these countries is certainly concerning, there is still reason for hope. The vast majority of the world’s nations remain committed to the Paris Agreement, and many are taking bold steps to reduce their emissions and transition to clean energy. Furthermore, climate change is a global problem that requires global cooperation, and the withdrawal of a few countries does not negate the importance of collective action. As we continue to grapple with the impacts of a warming planet, it is crucial that we remain committed to the Paris Agreement and work together to build a sustainable future for generations to come.

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